Originally, oko meant "eye" and lukin was used as a verb "see". The portions of the lexicon from other languages are 15% Tok Pisin, 14% Finnish, 14% Esperanto, 12% Croatian, 10% Acadian French, 9% Dutch, 8% Georgian, 5% Mandarin, 3% Cantonese; one root each from Welsh, Tongan (an English borrowing), Akan, and an uncertain language (apparently Swahili); four phonesthetic roots (two which are found in English, one from Japanese, and one which was made up); and one other made-up root (the grammatical particle e).. That's because these words don't exist in Toki Pona. 'Canada country') or jan Lisa (lit. , One of the language's main goals is a focus on minimalism. mama pi jan sewi o! nimi pi ma tomo ni li Pape tan ni: jan sewi Jawe li pakala e toki pi jan ali. In addition, ala can mean "zero", although its meaning is lit. Wrong! nimi pi mi mute o kama suli! , Words that have been simply removed from the lexicon include leko (block, stairs), monsuta (monster, fear), majuna (old), kipisi (to cut), and pata (sibling). This is fairly easy to understand. Toki Pona is a constructed language, first published as draft on the web in 2001 and then as a complete book and e-book Toki Pona: The Language of Good in 2014. In Toki Pona, there are just words for general things such as fruits, apparatus, objects, etc. However, if you feel so inclined, we can talk about more technical stuff. , Because of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation. For example, ona li moku may mean "they ate" or "it is food".. Okay, suppose that you have a shirt that looks like this: The shirt is obviously made up of loje and laso. Toki Pona is published by jan Sonja on her website geocities.com/marraskuu1978. = Estoy aprendiendo a hablar bien/simplemente. jan Sonja claims that the entire language has “150 words”. nasin tan has a disdain for numbers, aggressively minimizes tense, gender and number in sentence and pronoun contructions.  Another request was rejected in 2018 as the language "does not appear to be used in a variety of domains nor for communication within a community which includes all ages".  Although the simplified conceptualization of colors tends to exclude a number of colors that are commonly expressed in Western languages, speakers sometimes may combine these five words to make more specific descriptions of certain colors. V and CVN syllables are each around 10%, while only 5 words have VN syllables (for 2% of syllables). The lexical roots do not fall into well defined parts of speech; rather, they may be used generally as nouns, verbs, modifiers, or interjections depending on context or their position in a phrase. optional consonant + vowel + optional final N, or V, CV, VN, CVN.  One-hour courses of Toki Pona were taught on various occasions by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during their Independent Activities Period.. Laso jelo for green. In the book, the meanings were later merged into lukin, oko being the alternative. After all, Toki Pona is about simplicity, so keep it basic. = Trata de obtenerlo. Similarly, ali was added as an alternative to ale (all) to avoid confusion with ala (no, not) among people who reduce unstressed vowels, though both forms are still used. ", "Canadian has people talking about lingo she created", "In their own words – literally / Babel's modern architects", "Коротко и ясно.  As in most languages, CV is the most common syllable type, at 75% (counting each root once). jan Sonja wrote the original toki pona lesson plans about 2000. jan Sonja finally delivered on a 10 year promise to write a book, Toki Pona, The Language of Good.. jan Pije. group existed from about 2002 to 2009, when it moved to a forum on a phpBB site. mi kama sona toki pona. Likewise, ona mute may mean "they" and sina mute would mean "you" (plural). tenpo ale la pimeja li lon. Besides the Latin alphabet, which is the most convenient and most used way of writing the language, two logographic writing systems, sitelen pona and sitelen sitelen, were later introduced and included in Toki Pona: The Language of Good. , When a second modifier is added to a phrase, for example jan pona lukin, it modifies all that comes before it, so ((jan pona) lukin) = "friend watching", rather than (jan (pona lukin)), "person good-looking". OR kule laso loje li pona tawa mi. 26. jan o pali e wile sina lon sewi kon en lon ma. The first method is to use the "verb ala verb" construction in which ala comes in between a duplicated verb, auxiliary verb, or other predicators. 'hand') to signify "five", mute (lit. , The following sequences are not allowed: */ji, wu, wo, ti/, nor may a syllable's final nasal occur before /m/ or /n/ in the same root. , Prepositions are used in the predicate in place of a regular verb. group. Here are a few examples: sitelen can also be used with ma to mean "map": sitelen ma, of course, means "picture (of) land". In this case, lukin modifies pona and pona lukin as a whole modifies jan., Demonstratives, numerals, and possessive pronouns come after the head like other modifiers. Signed Toki Pona, or toki pona luka, is a manually coded form of Toki Pona. tenpo ni la ona li ken pali e ijo ike mute. Each word and letter has its own sign, which is distinguished by the hand shape, location of the hand on the body, palm or finger orientation, and the usage of one or both hands. The native, or even colloquial, pronunciation is used as the basis for the subsequent sound conversion. Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are relatively universal among cultures.Kisa designed Toki Pona to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. And Darkness shall reign forevermore. Как искусственный язык учит фокусироваться на главном", "Towards the Design and Evaluation of ROILA: A Speech Recognition Friendly Artificial Language", "Phoneme frequency table / Ofteco de fonemoj", "3. , Another aim of the language is for the users to become aware of the present moment and pay more attention to the surroundings and the words people use. sitelen is most useful for the compound nouns that you can make with it. Vocative phrases come before the main sentence and are marked with o at the end of the phrase, after the addressee.. Using the above method, you can mix different colors to come up with all sorts of different things. The symbol of the language is written in sitelen pona, with the symbol for pona written inside the symbol for toki. Here is a list of some of the common ones: You can stack as many colors together as you want, but don't get carried away. 12. (Estoy aprendiendo a hablar el toki pona.) However, you can't call it len loje laso, because that means "purple shirt", as you just saw a few minutes ago earlier in the lesson. “white person” is “jan pi selo walo”, “person of white skin”). jan Sonja. Choose from 500 different sets of toki pona flashcards on Quizlet. After all, Toki Pona is about simplicity, so keep it basic. To form a sentence, each of the signs is performed using the grammar and word order of Toki Pona. 'strange water' or 'liquid of craziness', would be understood to mean "alcohol" or "alcoholic beverage" depending on the context. It was closed in 2005 and moved to Wikia. For numbers larger than two, speakers would use mute which means "many". telo pimeja ni li telo loje mi, li ale mi. Messages in the group were archived in the Toki Pona forum using phpBB. Toki Pona is a constructed language, first published online in mid-2001.It was designed by translator and linguist Sonja Elen Kisa of Toronto. 1 General Information 2 Classification 3 Phonology 3.1 Consonants 3.2 Vowels 3.3 Phonotactics 4 Writing System 5 Grammar 5.1 Morphology 5.2 Syntax 5.3 Grammatical Differences with Toki Pona 6 Lexical Differences with toki pona 6.1 Words Removed 6.2 Words Added 6.3 Words with Additional/Modified Meanings 7 Lexicon 8 Example Texts 8.1 (Beautiful Woman) ~jan pona~ 8.2 …  Counting each root once, 32% of vowels are /a/, 25% are /i/, with /e/ and /o/ a bit over 15% each, and 10% are /u/. For example, names of people and places are used as modifiers of the common roots for "person" and "place", e.g. Aquesta conceptualització simplificada dels colors tendeix a excloure'n alguns habituals a les llengües occidentals. The language is isolating and has around 123 root words and 14 phonemes that are easy to pronounce across different languages. jan laso jelo lili li kama tan sewi. Now, I shall explain what Toki Pona is. The verb "to teach" can … The high frequency of /l/ and low frequency of /t/ is somewhat unusual among the world's languages. Each is polysemousand covers a range of similar concepts, so suli not only means "big" or "long", but also "important". o lawa e mi tan ike.  It is also sometimes referred to as pu in the Toki Pona community. It can also replace li, or come after the subjects mi or sina, to express wishes. 'animal of fighting', is a "fighting animal", whereas utala soweli, lit. Basic Sentences Sample Cards: i we me our, you your, ... color to paint to color, picture image to draw to write, yellow 35 Cards Preview Flashcards 12 Living Things. As a verb, it means to draw or to write. pilin -> feeling/feel. 'fighting of animal', means "animal war".  This allows the users to see the fundamental nature and effect of the ideas expressed. jan ala li ken sona e pilin ike mi. thanks! Stress falls on the initial syllable of a word. jan ali li ken pali e wile pona ona. While Toki Pona only has 5 colors, you can mix colors using colors as modifiers on other colors. sitelen tawa ("motion picture") is used to mean either a movie or a TV show.  In 2016, the book was also published in French. jan ali li jo e ken pi pilin suli. When the children saw the dog, they were happy. ], Although only 14 roots (12%) are listed as derived from English, a large number of the Tok Pisin, Esperanto, and other roots are transparently cognate with English, raising the English-friendly portion of the vocabulary to about 30%. As a noun it means picture or image. I'm back now, and I decided not to do it on Toki Pona, since many other people have done Toki Pona video lessons already. There are no diphthongs, contrasting vowel length, consonant clusters (except those starting with the nasal coda), or tones. It later moves to tokipona.org and kisa.ca/tokipona.  These words are now considered outdated because they were not included in the official book.  Early activity took place in a Yahoo! mama pi mi mute o, sina lon sewi kon. sitelen - picture, image; to draw, to write. Learn toki pona with free interactive flashcards.  It has been described as "a hieroglyphic-like script that makes use of squiggles and other childlike shapes" (see list of sitelen pona glyphs). To express more complex thoughts, the roots can be combined.  The word li introduces predicates, e introduces direct objects, prepositional phrases follow the objects, and la phrases come before the subject to add additional context. If you'd rather skip over this part of the lesson, that'll be all right with me. , With such a small root-word vocabulary, Toki Pona relies heavily on noun phrases, where a noun is modified by a following root, to make more complex meanings. 'all') to signify "100". A few signs, however, are performed with both hands in a symmetrical way. You have to use pi to show that both loje and laso modify len. See more ideas about toki, language, fictional languages. , mama pi mi mute (The Lord's Prayer, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). I'll expain what Toki Pona is after I come back. Check this out: Personally, I don't like this type of formation, but I do have to admit that it's quite neat. ona li lukin kama jo e ona. , Of the syllable-initial consonants, /l/ is the most common, at 20% total; /k, s, p/ are over 10%, then the nasals /m, n/ (not counting final N), with the least common, at little more than 5% each, being /t, w, j/. kule as a verb just means "to color" or "to paint". Two large groups exist on Facebook—one designated for conversation in Toki Pona and English, and the other for conversation in only Toki Pona.  In 2007, Lang reportedly said that at least 100 people speak Toki Pona fluently and estimated that a few hundred have a basic knowledge of the language. For example, toki (speech, language) is similar to Tok Pisin tok and its English source "talk", while pona (good, positive), from Esperanto bona, reflects generic Romance bon, buona, English "bonus", etc. jan sewi Jawe li kama e ni: jan li lon ma mute li ken ala pali e tomo. jan sewi Jawe li toki e ni: "jan li lon ma wan li kepeken e toki sama li pali e tomo palisa. soweli -> dog.  Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are universal among cultures. , A more complex system expresses larger numbers additively by using phrases such as tu wan for three, tu tu for four, and so on. Person is indicated by the subject of the verb; time is indicated through context or by a temporal adverb in the sentence. , In 2008 an application for an ISO 639-3 code was rejected, with a statement that the language was too young. The phrase laso loje means "a reddish shade of blue" and loje laso means "a bluish shade of red".. Thus, England or English become Inli and John becomes San. I encourage Toki Pona enthusiasts to seek out other sites and study materials. , Another influential group existing on Discord is called ma pona pi toki pona. nimi sina li sewi. pona -> good/positive. o seli e ona". I'm gonna work on a series of video lessons for Toki Pona. Here's an example: The word for today's miscellaneous section is sitelen. Toki Pona has root words for one (wan), two (tu), and many (mute). It is designed to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. ijo li moku e mi. For example, jan pona can mean "friend", although it translates to lit. Keep in mind that colors by themselves can't really follow any sort of logical pattern, so you're free to mix them around as you like: If you understood the color combination method that I taught above, you pretty much know everything you need about Toki Pona's colors for practical use. o pana e moku pi tenpo suno ni tawa mi mute. jan Meli sewi o! I must destroy. Toki Pona has a five-color palette: loje (red), laso (blue), jelo (yellow), pimeja (black), and walo (white). Despite the small vocabulary, speakers are able to understand and communicate with each other, mainly relying on context and combinations of several words to express more specific meanings. pimeja li tawa insa kon mi.  Users of the language are spread out across multiple platforms. Therefore, that sentence is incorrect. In addition, you can see words “mijomi” and “melome”. I am devoured. mi wile tawa anpa li wile pakala e toki pi jan mute ni. 'or what?') Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  A small community of speakers developed in the early 2000s. , Toki Pona has basic pronouns: mi (first person), sina (second person), and ona (third person). 'Lisa person'). Amen. , Proper nouns are usually converted into Toki Pona proper adjectives using a set of guidelines. , Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns; instead, they must modify a preceding noun.  A typical example is combining jan (person) with utala (fight) to make jan utala (soldier, warrior). That is, it typically occurs as an [n] before /n/, /t/, /s/ or /l/, as an [m] before /m/, /p/ or /w/, as an [ŋ] before /k/, and as an [ɲ] before /j/. The "12 Days of sona pi toki pona" series is a solid starting point, especially if you practice as you go along (on the Toki Pona Facebook page, for example). However, the changes in pronunciation required by the simple phonetic system often make the origins of other words more difficult to see. This is expressed by anu. , An alternate system for larger numbers, described in Lang's book, uses luka (lit. For example, interjections such as a, ala, ike, jaki, mu, o, pakala, pona, toki, etc. (see § Modifiers), Nouns do not decline according to number.  The usage frequency in a 10kB sample of texts was slightly more skewed: 34% /a/, 30% /i/, 15% each /e/ and /o/, and 6% /u/.  Later, the pronoun ona replaced iki (he, she, it, they), which was sometimes confused with ike (bad).. --ArinArin 11:21, 9 September 2005 (UTC) I made a similar diagram in an old article I had written about the language. In this realm of art, Toki Pona is white canvas with scattered brushstrokes of primary colors. No one can understand my suffering. kili pona pi insa sina li sewi Jesu. jan li kama tan nasin pi kama suno li kama tawa ma Sinale li awen lon ni. , The language is fairly known among Esperantists, who often offer courses and conversation groups at their meetings. , Besides nena and ona, which replaced existing roots, a few roots were added to the original 118: pan (grain, bread, pasta, rice), esun (market, shop, trade), alasa (hunt, gather), and namako (extra, additional, spice), another word for sin (new). , The pronouns do not specify number or gender. , Statements follow the normal structure of subject-predicate with an optional la phrase at the beginning. , Many of these derivations are transparent. 'no' or 'none', and ale "all" can express an infinite or immense amount. Toki Pona’s philosophy appealed to 22-year-old Oliver Mayeux and 26-year-old Marta Krzeminska, who both speak several languages and met while … Non-polar questions are formed by replacing the unknown information with the interrogative word seme. It was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication. , Whenever the subject of a sentence is either of the unmodified pronouns mi or sina, then li is not used to separate the subject and predicate. Members of the group discussed the language with one another in English, Toki Pona, and Esperanto, proposed changes, and talked about the resources on the tokipona.org site. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "colour".Found in 0 ms. It focuses on simple universal concepts, making use of very little to express the most. , Toki Pona has nine consonants (/p, t, k, s, m, n, l, j, w/) and five vowels (/a, e, i, o, u/), shown here with the International Phonetic Alphabet symbols. A review of Sonja Kisa's constructed language Toki Pona", "A new era in the history of language invention", "Constructed languages in the whirlwind of the digital revolution", "Still Hoping: The Relation of International Auxiliary Languages to Worldview and Perception", "Join the ma pona pi toki pona Discord Server! 'good/friendly person', and telo nasa, lit. ma Kanata (lit. Their use relies heavily on context. Using colors with pi For this reason, they may be called "proper adjectives" or simply “proper words” instead of “proper nouns”. A simple Toki Pona Dictionary. In practice, Toki Pona speakers use the phrase mi mute to mean "we", though the number is often discernible from context and thus only mi is necessary. On August 9, the website claims, “Toki Pona! > Toki Pona has a five-color palette: loje (red), laso (blue), jelo (yellow), pimeja (black), and walo (white).  Each is polysemous and covers a range of similar concepts, so suli not only means "big" or "long", but also "important". hello, we at ca:Toki pona are using this image to illustrate colors in toki pona. For example, /p t k/ may be pronounced [b d ɡ] as well as [p t k], /s/ as [z] or [ʃ] as well as [s], /l/ as [ɾ] as well as [l], and vowels may be either long or short. n: head noun; mod: modifier (adjective or adverb) sep: separator Symbols representing a single adjective may be written inside or above the symbol for the preceding word that they modify. jan li toki e ni: "o kama! A sentence may be an interjection, statement, wish/command, or question. With that in mind, look at this picture: What color do you see? With one modifier (the original jan pona en toki) or with an additional pi (_jan pi pona toki en ike kalama) it is understandable, but only with the right context. ma tomo Pape (The Tower of Babel story, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Updated_jan_Pije%27s_lessons/Lesson_13_Colors&oldid=3542048.  In 2019, the most subscribed group, in which members communicate in both English and Toki Pona, had over 4,000 total members. Toki Pona ha quinque radices de color: pimeja , walo , loje , jelo , e laso . They have the same values as in the International Phonetic Alphabet: j sounds like English y (as in German) and the vowels are like those of Spanish. This is a common distribution, and similar to Polynesian. Oct 14, 2012 - Explore Matthew Martin's board "toki pona" on Pinterest. "How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language", "Toki Pona: eine minimalistische Plansprache", "Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words? Toki Pona is a pidgin-like language de… , Although it was not intended as an international auxiliary language, people from all around the world use it for communication.. wan sewi li poka sina. What you'll learn here is seldom used.  Essentially identical concepts can be described by different words as the choice relies on the speaker's perception and experience. To express more complex thoughts, the roots can be combined. This feature purposely makes it impractical to communicate large numbers. jan pona toki en ike kalama and jan pona en ike kalama are weird and really hard to understand. For example, nena replaced kapa (protuberance) early in the language's development for unknown reasons. kule has two main uses, and so I'll cover them one at a time.  From these simple notions, more complex ideas can be created by simple combining. O poetry! Like a painter, the speaker can combine them to achieve any hue on the spectrum. Questions cannot be made by just putting a question mark at the end of a sentence. Proper names are written inside a cartouche-like symbol using a series of symbols, where each symbol represents the first letter of its word. Inspired by Taoist philosophy, the language is designed to help users concentrate on basic things and to promote positive thinking, in accordance with the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis. Toki Pona has a five-color palette: loje (red), laso (blue), jelo (yellow), pimeja (black), and walo (white). Like a painter, the speaker can combine them to achieve any hue on the spectrum. Sonja Lang (née Sonja Elen Kisa) started developing Toki Pona as a way of simplifying her thoughts during depression. colour translation in English-Toki Pona dictionary. 'good/friendly person', and telo nasa, lit. jan ali li kama lon nasin ni: ona li ken tawa li ken pali. The word li always precedes the predicate unless the subject is a mi or sina. jan sewi Jawe li tawa e jan tawa ma mute tan ma tomo Pape. 25. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence.. ala s e usa para hacer que las frases sean negativas ona li suli ala. = No es grande/importante mi sona ala. = No sé/entiendo seme sustituye la información desconocida en o toki tawa wan sewi tan mi mute jan ike. More li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects. jan mute li toki e ni: "o kama! jan Pije extended the original lessons and has been kind enough to release them to public domain. Toki_Pona#Colors. kule loje laso li pona tawa mi. Showing page 1. The former, in which each word is represented by a symbol, was devised as an alternative by Lang herself. Notice how there are no words like purple, green, or grey. , Toki Pona was the subject of some scientific works, and it has also been used for artificial intelligence and software tools, as well as a therapeutic method for eliminating negative thinking by having patients keep track of their thoughts in the language. It has 120–125 root words, and 14 phonemes devised to be easy to pronounce for speakers of various language backgrounds.. However, it was not created to be an international auxiliary language. , Most Toki Pona roots come from English, Tok Pisin, Finnish, Georgian, Dutch, Acadian French, Esperanto, Croatian, with a few from Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese). The consonant is obligatory in syllables that are not word-initial. For example, jan pona can mean "friend", although it translates to lit. The word lape (to sleep, to rest), for example, comes from Dutch slapen and is cognate with English "sleep"; kepeken (to use) is somewhat distorted from Dutch gebruiken, and akesi from hagedis (lizard) is scarcely recognizable. jan ali li wile pali nasin ni: ona li jan pona pi ante. these are not final shapes, I can still tweak them. Purple, right?  For a short time there was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona (called lipu Wikipesija). The simplest number system uses these five roots to express any amount necessary. jan sewi Jawe li kama anpa li lukin e ma tomo e tomo palisa.  In 2010 it was chosen for the first version of the vocabulary for the ROILA project. Keep in mind that colors by themselves can't really follow any sort of logical pattern, so you're free to mix them around as you like: laso loje -- reddish blue = purple loje laso -- bluish red = purple laso jelo -- yellowish blue = green jelo laso -- bluish yellow = green. It has over 2000 members as of October 2020. Most signs are performed with the right hand at the required location. Originally published 118 words in 2001, with several words added later. , Toki Pona does not inflect verbs according to person, tense, mood, or voice, as the language features no inflection whatsoever.